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NATO-led international involvement in Afghanistan. War in North-West Pakistan —present: International campaign against ISIL —present: Taliban East Turkestan Islamic Movement. The War on Terroralso known as the Global War on Terrorismis an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks against the United States.

Bush first used the term " war on terrorism" on 16 September[50] [51] and then " war on terror " a few days later in a formal speech to Congress.

The term was immediately criticised by such people as Richard B. Myerschairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more nuanced ones subsequently came to be used by the Bush administration to publicly define the 1400 far ga globalt campaign led by the U. President Barack Obama announced on 23 May that the Global War on Terror is over, saying the military and intelligence agencies will not wage war against 1400 far ga globalt tactic but 1400 far ga globalt instead focus on a specific group of networks determined to destroy the U.

Criticism of the War on Terror focused on morality, efficiency, economics; some, including later president Barack Obama[58] [59] [60] [61] objected to the phrase itself as a misnomer.

Critics also assert that the term "war" is not appropriate in this context much like the term " War on Drugs " since there is no identifiable enemy and it is unlikely that international terrorism can be brought to an end by military means. The phrase "War on Terror" has been used to specifically refer to the ongoing military campaign led by the U.

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The conflict has also been referred to by names other than the War on Terror. It has also been known as:. Inthe Reagan administrationwhich had significantly expanded the CIA-run program of funding the Jihadi militants in Afghanistanemployed the term "war against terrorism" to pass legislation aimed at countering terrorist groups in the 1400 far ga globalt of the Beirut barracks bombing that killed U. Vice President Mike Pence called the Beirut barracks bombing "the opening salvo in a war that we have waged ever since—the global war on terror.

The concept of 1400 far ga globalt U. On 16 Septemberat Camp DavidU. Bush used the phrase war on terrorism in an ostensibly unscripted comment when answering a journalist's question about the impact of enhanced law enforcement authority given to the U.

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And the American people are beginning to 1400 far ga globalt. This crusade, this war on terrorism is going to take a while. And the American people must be patient.

I'm going to be patient. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated. In Aprilthe British government announced publicly that it was abandoning the use of the phrase "War on Terror" as they found it to be less than helpful.

So I never felt it helpful to refer to a war on terror.

The document dropped the Bush-era phrase "global war on terror" and reference to "Islamic extremism," and stated, "This is not a global war against a tactic—terrorism, or a religion—Islam. We are at war with a specific network, al-Qaeda, and its terrorist affiliates who support efforts to attack the United States, our allies, and partners.

In DecemberJeh Johnsonthe General Counsel of the Department of Defensestated that the military fight would be replaced by a law enforcement operation when speaking at Oxford University[83] predicting that al Qaeda will be so weakened to be ineffective, and has been "effectively destroyed", and thus the conflict will not be an armed conflict under international law. In Maytwo years after the assassination of Osama bin LadenBarack Obama delivered a speech that employed the term global war on terror put in quotation marks as officially transcribed by the White House: From our use of drones to the detention of terrorist suspects, the decisions that we are making now will define the type of nation—and world—that we leave to our children.

So America is at a crossroads. We must define the nature and scope of this struggle, or else it will define us. We have to be mindful of James Madison's warning that "No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare. In Afghanistan, we will complete our transition to Afghan responsibility for that country's security. Beyond Afghanistan, we must define our effort not as a boundless "global war on terror," but rather as a series of persistent, targeted efforts to dismantle specific networks of violent extremists that threaten America.

In many cases, this will involve partnerships with other countries. We are at war with an organization that right now would kill as many Americans as they could if we did not stop them first. So this is a just war—a war waged proportionally, in last resort, and in self-defense. Because the actions involved in the "war on terrorism" are diffuse, and the criteria for inclusion are unclear, political theorist Richard Jackson has argued that "the 'war on terrorism,' therefore, is simultaneously a set of actual practices—wars, covert operations, agencies, and institutions—and an accompanying series of assumptions, beliefs, justifications, and narratives—it is an entire language or discourse.

Both the term and the policies it denotes have been a source of ongoing controversy, as critics argue it has been used to justify unilateral preventive warhuman rights abuses and other violations of international law.

A small number of "Afghan Arab" volunteers joined the fight against the Soviets, including Osama bin Ladenbut there 1400 far ga globalt no evidence they received any external assistance. On 7 Augustal-Qaeda struck the U. Next came the millennium attack plotswhich included an attempted bombing of Los Angeles International Airport. Navy sailors were killed. On the morning of September 11,1400 far ga globalt men hijacked four jet airliners all bound 1400 far ga globalt California.

Once the hijackers assumed control of the jet airliners, 1400 far ga globalt told the passengers that they had a bomb on board and would spare the lives of passengers and crew once their demands were met — no passenger and crew actually suspected that they would use the jet airliners as suicide weapons since it had never happened before in history, and many previous hijacking attempts had been resolved with the passengers and crew escaping unharmed after obeying the hijackers. Both buildings collapsed within two hours from fire damage related to the crashes, destroying nearby buildings and damaging others.

The hijackers crashed a third jet airliner into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginiajust outside Washington, D. The fourth jet airliner crashed into a field near ShanksvillePennsylvaniaafter some of its passengers and flight crew attempted to retake control of the jet airliners, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington D. None of the flights had any survivors.

A total of 2, victims and the 19 hijackers perished in the attacks. It authorized the President to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on 11 Septemberor harbored such organizations or persons, to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or individuals.

Congress declares this is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization within the meaning of section 5 b of the War Powers Resolution of Bush administration defined the following objectives in the War on Terror: Operation Enduring Freedom is the official name used by the Bush administration 1400 far ga globalt the War in Afghanistan1400 far ga globalt with three smaller military actions, under the umbrella of the Global War on Terror.

These global operations are intended to seek out and destroy any al-Qaeda fighters or affiliates. On 20 Septemberin the wake of the September 11 attacksGeorge W. Bush delivered an ultimatum to the Taliban government of Afghanistan, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistanto turn over Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda leaders operating in the country or face attack.

Subsequently, in OctoberU. On 7 Octoberthe official invasion began with British and U. Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan, fell by mid-November. The remaining al-Qaeda and Taliban remnants fell back to the rugged mountains of eastern Afghanistan, mainly Tora Bora.

In December, Coalition forces the U. It is believed that Osama bin Laden escaped into Pakistan during the battle.

In Marchthe U. The Taliban suffered heavy casualties and evacuated the region. The Taliban regrouped in western Pakistan and began to unleash an insurgent-style offensive against Coalition forces in late Coalition forces responded with a series of military offensives and an increase of troops in Afghanistan. In FebruaryCoalition forces launched Operation Moshtarak in southern Afghanistan along with other military offensives in the hopes that they would destroy the Taliban insurgency once and for all.

The British 16th Air Assault Brigade later reinforced by Royal Marines formed the core of the force in southern Afghanistan, along with troops and helicopters from Australia, Canada and the Netherlands.

The initial force consisted of roughly 3, British, 2, Canadian, 1, from the Netherlands and from Australia, along with special forces from Denmark 1400 far ga globalt Estonia and small contingents from other nations. Iraq had been listed as a State sponsor of terrorism by the U. Iraq had also been on the list from to ; it was removed so that the U.

Hussein's regime had proven to be a problem for the UN and Iraq's neighbors due to its use of chemical weapons against Iranians and Kurds in the s. Following the ceasefire agreement that suspended hostilities but not officially ended in the Gulf Warthe United States and its allies instituted and began patrolling Iraqi no-fly zonesto protect Iraq's Kurdish and Shi'a Arab population—both of which suffered attacks from the Hussein regime before 1400 far ga globalt after the Gulf War—in Iraq's northern and southern regions, respectively.

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In the aftermath of Operation Desert Fox, during DecemberIraq announced that it would no longer respect the no-fly zones and resumed its attempts to shoot down U. The Iraq War began in March with an air campaign, which was immediately followed by a U. The Bush administration stated the invasion was the "serious consequences" spoken of in the UNSC Resolutionpartially by Iraq possessing weapons of mass destruction. The Bush administration also stated the Iraq war was part of the War on Terror; something later questioned or contested.

The first ground attack came at the Battle of Umm Qasr on 21 March 1400 far ga globalt a combined force of British, American and Polish forces seized control "1400 far ga globalt" the port city of Umm Qasr. The rebellion, which included al-Qaeda-affiliated groupsled to far more coalition casualties than the invasion. Other elements of the insurgency were led by fugitive members of President Hussein's Ba'ath regime, which included Iraqi nationalists and pan-Arabists.

Many insurgency leaders are Islamists and claim to be fighting a religious war to reestablish the Islamic Caliphate of centuries past. He was executed in Inthe insurgent forces grew stronger. In JanuaryPresident Bush presented a new strategy for Operation Iraqi Freedom based upon counter-insurgency theories and tactics developed by General David Petraeus. The Iraq War troop surge of was part of this "new way forward" and, along with U.

The war entered a new phase on 1 September[] with the official 1400 far ga globalt of U. We will degrade, and ultimately destroy, ISIL through a comprehensive and sustained counter-terrorism strategy". In Octoberit was reported that the U. Musharraf agreed to give the U. On 19 SeptemberMusharraf addressed the people of Pakistan and stated that, while he opposed military tactics against the Taliban, Pakistan risked being endangered by an alliance of India and the U.

InMusharraf testified that this stance was pressured by threats from the U. On 12 JanuaryMusharraf gave a speech against Islamic extremism. He unequivocally condemned all acts of terrorism and pledged to combat Islamic extremism and lawlessness within Pakistan itself.

He stated that his government was committed to rooting out extremism and 1400 far ga globalt it clear that the banned militant organizations would not be allowed to resurface under any new name. He said, "the recent decision to ban extremist groups promoting militancy was taken in the national interest after thorough consultations. It was not taken under any 1400 far ga globalt influence". 1400 far ga globalt includes – Ga oceanic oxidation and – Ga atmospheric This is the oldest glaciation known of global significance and has been 1, the basalts overlying the Huronian diamictites are far more than those.

December 8, (12), page . On the basis of the GBD ( Global Burden of Disease) Study, this article provides an. countries are encouraging, these regions still fall far behind developed regions of the world.

. Truelsen T, Krarup LH, Iversen HK, Mensah GA, Feigin VL, Sposato LA, Naghavi M. The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after.

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