The Stig Bergling-affair, one of Sweden's greatest spy scandals, began when he was arrested in Israel in and in the same year in Sweden was sentenced to life imprisonment for aggravated espionage.
He fled to Moscowhowever, during a conjugal visit in after a highly acclaimed escape. Bergling's escape was a major embarrassment for Sweden's liberal prison system and prompted the resignation of the justice minister. Bergling lived for several years in the Soviet UnionHungary and Lebanon until, for health reasons, he voluntarily returned to Sweden in He died there on 24 January77 years old.
Bergling's father, who came from a wealthy home in Salawas an engineer and worked with general insurance at an insurance company. Bergling's mother, who came from a working class home in Falunhad a strictly religious upbringing and worked as a secretary during Bergling's upbringing. Bergling had a younger sister. Forsberg was the man who was to become the head of the Swedish counterintelligence and later be one of the men who disclosed Bergling.
The binder contained the so-called fortification code, or FO code Fortifikationskodenthe top-secret list of Sweden's defense facilities, coastal artillery fortifications, mobilization stores, command centers and radar stations. "Tva rymde fran karsudden" Bergling later would return it, he became angry with one of his superiors, Bengt
Tva rymde fran karsudden later Director-General of the National Defence Radio Establishment who started arguing and criticize him.
Bergling disliked the Defense Staff and Wallroth and instead of destroying the copy he kept it and put it in a safe deposit box at Erik Dahlbergsgatan in Stockholm. Alongside the work home in Sweden, Bergling served several times in various UN battalions around the world.
Bergling was a reserve officer in the Swedish Coastal Artilleryand in he was stationed in Cyprus as a military police chief. Bergling was in need of money and went to the Soviet Embassy and offered Nikiforov the copied binder with secret information.
In NovemberBergling switched duty tour in Lebanon with a Belgian major so he could go to Stockholm and retrieve the binder. He flew from Stockholm via Budapest to Beirut and on the 30 Novemberhe sold the copied binder with the documents to the Soviets.
Bergling received 3, dollar for it and was later told, after the binder Tva rymde fran karsudden been examined in Moscow, that "we already have this information, ours is just a bit older. Bergling's contact, Alexander Nikiforov, had realized that as a newly acquired Soviet agent, Bergling would be able to do more good in Sweden.
The errors were reported by Bergling to Moscow who called them back home. The writings were then presented with a special liquid. He got messages back using a shortwave radio. As an employee of the Security Service, he was not allowed to go to the Eastern Bloc countries so the trips to his employers in East Berlin were made in the greatest secrecy.
His liaison officer went ahead and then Berling could go straight out through a small door and suddenly he found himself in the station on the western side. As a Swedish military reservist, he served several times in connection with various military unit exercises all around Sweden. As a high ranking staff officer and head of the Section II of the Defence Staff, Bergling had access to the
Tva rymde fran karsudden and had the opportunity to look through the documents when he was duty officer by himself.
At this time, the civilian Soviet secret service KGB Tva rymde fran karsudden had a mole high up in its own organization; Oleg Gordievskywho for some years had regularly provided the Western Bloc with information.
This information was communicated by Gordyevsky to the west through his regular contacts with the British MI6. At the same time she informed about her Tva rymde fran karsudden that he was a spy.
Nothing happened except that police interrogated the woman. InBergling applied for a new UN service and was ordered to Suez. Bergling was in Jordan when he decided to fly back to Sweden. However, there were no flights to Sweden from Jordan, so Bergling went to Israel instead.
The arrest of Bergling occurred therefore independently by Israel, and the reason for this was that Shin Bet needed to find out if Bergling also had conducted espionage on Israeli interests during his time in the Middle East. Bergling got half an hour to decide and chose the luxury hotel.
Bergling was detained in custody in March and defended by the lawyer Ragnar Gottfarb. On 7 Decemberhe was sentenced in Sweden to life imprisonment for aggravated espionage and aggravated unauthorised dealing with secret information  for handing out the fortification code FO code - the list of Sweden's defense installations, coastal artillery fortifications and mobilization stores. He was also accused of having handed over the Supreme Commander's war planning to the Soviets - planning on how the Swedish Armed Forces should act at different levels in a war situation.
These were documents that had even greater secrecy than the binder that Bergling handed to the Soviets in Beirut. Also, in his defence, Oleg Gordievsky the Western agent in the KGB reported to the West that Bergling handed out the fortification code, but never said anything about the Supreme Commander's war planning documents.
The district court cleared him of these charges. After the verdict, Bergling was subjected to, for reasons of national security, a very strict solitary confinement. Visits phone calls could be banned if they were detrimental to national security.
It was the National Police Board's Security Department that would account for the safety assessment and determine what considerations of national security demanded in the form of restrictions.
According to information from there, Wallenberg died in prison in A childhood friend, Elisabeth Sandberg, was coming to greet Bergling more often.
They married in prison on 1 March
Tva rymde fran karsudden, the day after prime minister Olof Palme was murdered. Since the beginning ofBergling "Tva rymde fran karsudden" granted a total of 15 supervised or accompanied conjugal visits. In Julythe government rejected Bergling's request for pardon.
Six months later his request for repeal of the special restrictions was also rejected. After he, in October smuggled out a letter, where he told of advanced escape plans, the accompanied conjugal visits were ceased. Until Mayhe was only admitted supervised conjugal visits. In Marchhe applied again for pardon and that the special restrictions be lifted. The government rejected the pardon application on August According to the Supreme Commander 's opinion, it would take more time before the most important actions to reduce Tva rymde fran karsudden harmful effects of Bergling espionage were completed.
There was also, according to the Supreme Commander, a real risk that Bergling still had knowledge that, if it came to the hands of some foreign power, would bring harm to the national security.
Somewhat later the Ministry of Justice remitted the petition to amend the regulation of Bergling to the relevant authorities. He also informed that the National Prison Tva rymde fran karsudden Probation Administration, in view of the government's rejection of pardon and the reasons for it, opposed easing of the regulations for Bergling. The accompanied conjugal visit that began in the morning of 5 October was the first after the government's rejection of the pardon in August.
Bergling had been planning the escape from prison for three years. The first one was parked in front of the house to attract the surveillance team. At midnight, he put plans into action. There was a fog and the surveillance team could not see The plan now was to meet at the second escape vehicle, which Tva rymde fran karsudden in a parking lot in Rinkeby, one kilometer away. His wife went off to get to the third escape vehicle parked in Djursholm.
They stayed there for a week. It took more than 10 hours before the Swedish authorities issued an official alert for Bergling. The Justice Minister and his colleagues was, throughout the night of Wednesday, until at At his first contact with the security department at The official alert was first issued at On 8 Octoberthe Government decided to assign the Chancellor of Justice to the task of investigating the circumstances surrounding the conjugal visit Bergling had been granted, the security that had occurred and responsibilities associated with it and the responsible authorities' actions during the time of his dissenting.
On 19 Octoberthe Chancellor of Justice reported his assessment. The National Police Board's security department and staff could not be responsible for the deviation but instead the National Prison and Probation Administration's client department.
Justice Minister Wickbom was forced to resign after Bergling's escape. Wickbom had claimed that he Tva rymde fran karsudden not been informed that Bergling had been granted regular conjugal visits and that his escape was a result of a series of mix-ups between the police and the prison service.
The information about Bergling's conjugal visit was at the Department of Justice at the time of the escape, though he had not seen it. Under the alias of Ivar and Elisabeth Straus, they lived in Moscow for a while. The escape had been too easy and the GRU thought it was prearranged. Because of the questions the Soviets asked after they arrived in Moscow, he understood that there would be no intelligence work in for him.
However, in autumn ofas the Soviet Union was collapsingthey were moved to Lebanon. There, Bergling was active under the name of Ronald Abi and pretended to be a British agricultural engineer while he worked as a security consultant for Walid Jumblatt at the end of the civil war. In Lebanon, Bergling got 5, dollars every six months, they lived rent free, got cars almost for free and they Tva rymde fran karsudden pocket money from Jumblatt himself.
He was then ill with Parkinson's diseasehis wife had cancer and longed her children. They wanted to go home to Sweden. When Bergling said who he was, he was at first not believed. On returning home, Bergling's own mother didn't know if he was alive. On one occasion he was attacked and stabbed by a fellow prisoner who thought he disturbed him when he was cleaning.
Bergling received a blow over the ear, but no serious injuries.
During the end of the prison term, his then wife became acutely ill with chronic cancer. Bergling did not get to the hospital in time, before she died on their wedding day. In the middle ofBergling became a member of the Swedish Left Partybut
Tva rymde fran karsudden later left the party in September the same year, disappointed at the outcome of the elections according to Aftonbladet. In he was diagnosed  with Parkinson's disease and moved around, at the end of his life, using Tva rymde fran karsudden wheelchair  Tva rymde fran karsudden or a mobility scooter.
Bergling had an adult son which his ex-wife's new husband adopted. In March Bergling was suspected to have shot a nurse in the face with an airsoft gun. The incident occurred when the nurse was in Bergling's room to help him with some practical details. According Bergling himself, he had felt provoked by the keeper and then brought up an airsoft gun and fired the gun into the wall.
In his first marriage, Bergling was married — to Marianne Rinman — daughter of diploma engineer Kurt Rinman. In the edition of Enemy's Enemy, Guillou writes:. He felt that he was entitled to a dedicated copy of the book. 1 Early life; 2 Säpo, Fst/Säk and overseas service; 3 Bergling suspected and. first in Karsuddens Hospital in Katrineholm and then Västervik's permanent .
Stig Berglings och Elisabeth Sandbergs flykt i taxi från svensk polis verkade för "Spionen som rymde - och kom tillbaka" [The spy who escaped - and came back]. Stig Svante Eugén Bergling, later Stig Svante Eugén Sandberg and Stig Svante Eugén Sydholt. On 2 AugustBergling called the Säpo from Cyprus. Stig Berglings och Elisabeth Sandbergs flykt i taxi
Tva rymde fran karsudden svensk polis verkade för "Spionen som rymde - och kom tillbaka" [The spy who escaped - and came back].
Två år senare rånade han Handelsbanken i Göteborg och kom över Sveriges Läser textil och är portad från Uppsala Sara Svensson var.
The Stig Bergling-affair, one of Sweden's greatest spy scandals, began when he was arrested in Israel in and in the same year in Sweden was sentenced to life imprisonment for aggravated espionage. He fled to Moscow , however, during a conjugal visit in after a highly acclaimed escape. Bergling's escape was a major embarrassment for Sweden's liberal prison system and prompted the resignation of the justice minister. Bergling lived for several years in the Soviet Union , Hungary and Lebanon until, for health reasons, he voluntarily returned to Sweden in He died there on 24 January , 77 years old.
Bergling's father, who came from a wealthy home in Sala , was an engineer and worked with general insurance at an insurance company. Bergling's mother, who came from a working class home in Falun , had a strictly religious upbringing and worked as a secretary during Bergling's upbringing.
Bergling had a younger sister. Forsberg was the man who was to become the head of the Swedish counterintelligence and later be one of the men who disclosed Bergling. The binder contained the so-called fortification code, or FO code Fortifikationskoden , the top-secret list of Sweden's defense facilities, coastal artillery fortifications, mobilization stores, command centers and radar stations.
Is it fair to dislike fat people?1 Early life; 2 Säpo, Fst/Säk and overseas service; 3 Bergling suspected and . first in Karsuddens Hospital in Katrineholm and then Västervik's permanent .. Stig Berglings och Elisabeth Sandbergs flykt i taxi från svensk polis verkade för "Spionen som rymde - och kom tillbaka" [The spy who escaped - and came back]. Vid lunchtid rymde en årig man från sina vakter under en Mannen var på där på permission från sjukhuset Karsudden. 2 beats .
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